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Twynyrodyn Community School

Twynyrodyn Ysgol Gymunedol

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Physical development



  • to contribute to the physical development and health of each child across a broad range of physical activities 
  • to develop a positive attitude towards Physical Education and School Sport 
  • to enable each child to experience a sense of achievement through physical activity 
  • to help children learn how to co-operate with each other 
  • to ensure safe practice 
  • to be physically active for sustained periods of time 
  • to fulfil individual potential through means by which pupils acquire knowledge, skills and attitudes needed for the development of their physical, social and intellectual abilities 
  • to develop fair play, through competition, co-operation and collaboration 
  • to develop and understanding of the need for rules in sport 
  • to develop good sporting behaviour 
  • to encourage a life-long involvement and motivation in physical activity and in turn lead active and healthy lives 
  • to provide opportunities for intra-school and inter-school competition so pupils can engage in competitive sport




Physical Education is an important part of the curriculum because: 

  • it prepares children for the challenges and demands of physical activity 
  • it motivates children to participate in meaningful, enjoyable and stimulating physical activities 
  • it develops an awareness of the importance of regular physical exercise for healthy living 
  • it creates situations where children can make decisions based on informed judgement 
  • it can promote a positive self image and give children the confidence to achieve




A broad balance of physical activities is provided within the curriculum for all children. They have equal access and follow a structured and differentiated programme (where applicable), which is appropriate for the age, ability and all aspects of special educational needs, gender, race, religion and culture or lifestyle. A sensitive approach has been adopted for children with specific individual circumstances and needs. Consideration is given to the cultural and religious diversity of access for all pupils. At times it will be necessary to make special arrangements with regards to dress, religious observance and music in the context of Physical Education. Twynyrodyn School is committed to inclusive sport and provides opportunities for disabled athletes beyond the curriculum to include sports leadership and competition through our links with INsport and Active Merthyr. Disability sports such as Boccia, Sitting Volleyball and Goalball are taught to all pupils and opportunities for disabled athletes to lead are offered. We have also hosted several "Paralympic" and "Inclusive Sport" roadshow events given children the oppurtunity to participate sports such as wheelchair basketball using our close links with Dan Bufton,the Disability Sport Wales Development Officer for Merthyr Tydfil.


Physical Development in the Foundation Phase

Children’s physical development, enthusiasm and energy for movement should continually be promoted through helping them to use their bodies effectively, by encouraging spatial awareness, balance, control and coordination, and developing motor and manipulative skills. They should develop their gross and fine motor skills, physical control, mobility and an awareness of space, using large and small equipment, across all Areas of Learning, indoors and outdoors. Children should be encouraged to enjoy physical activity. A developing sense of identity should be linked closely to their own self-image, self-esteem and confidence. They should be introduced to the concepts of health, hygiene and safety, and the importance of diet, rest, sleep and exercise. Children should be continually developing their imagination and creativity

across the curriculum. Their natural curiosity and disposition to learn should be stimulated by everyday sensory experiences, both indoors and outdoors. Children should engage in creative, imaginative and expressive activities in art, craft, design, music, dance and movement. Children should explore a wide range of stimuli, develop their ability to communicate and express their creative ideas, and reflect on their work.

The document below shows what we cover in Foundation Phase in P.E. over the year